Lily’s goal throughout the novel is to understand her true mother.She does not understand what the presence of a mother would really be like, but she feels her mother’s absence constantly.At one point in the novel, August shows Lily what happens to the hive when the queen is not present.The bees lay dormant eggs and ultimately sit around without any sort of purpose.August teaches Lily the important lessons of beekeeping.
May seems to be the most dependent character in the novel due to the great pain that she bears.
Interdependence is a basic element of human beings and human society.
At many points in the novel, the dependence or interdependence of various characters is expressed through their interactions.
Without the queen, the bees are rendered useless; they are extremely dependent on the queen.
At the same time, the queen depends on her attendants to take care of the hive.